I was told that this song was a protestant version of the actual miracle. Supposedly, the truth was that the Duke (he wasn't actually a king)was going to Adoration on a very cold night and the page was his torch bearer. The page was freezing, he walked in the saint's steps, he miraculously warmed up.
The author of the song was a protestant minister and wanted to high light acts of charity rather than, say, Eucharistic Adoration, so he changed the story around.
That's what I was told, and I'd love to know if it's the truth! I care very much because St. Wenceslaus is my name saint. Have you heard this before?
I have not heard that before and it doesn't really ring true to me. While I could see how some separated brethren writing a Christmas carol would change a story from a King going out for Eucharist Adoration to something else, the separated brethren are not high on emphasizing charitable acts as a path to Heaven, either.
The man who penned the Wenceslas ditty, John Mason Neale, did change around a song to tell his story. He actually took an old spring song and dumped those lyrics, replacing them with the good king. Here's the timeline on the whole shebang: Duke Wenceslas the actual person, early 10th century, Old Spring song ("Now is the time for flowering"), early 16th century, Good King Wenceslas, the Christmas Carol, 1853.
Was Duke Wenceslas headed out for Eucharist Adoration when the poor man came in sight? There is nothing to suggest that that is the true story. Writing about Wenceslas in 1119, a chronicler stated:
This activity, whether true or not, prompted a Pope to get out and walk around in the snow in his bare feet as well. The Pope and his feet survived the ordeal.But his deeds I think you know better than I could tell you; for, as is read in his Passion, no one doubts that, rising every night from his noble bed, with bare feet and only one chamberlain, he went around to God’s churches and gave alms generously to widows, orphans, those in prison and afflicted by every difficulty, so much so that he was considered, not a prince, but the father of all the wretched.
Also, Rev. Neale wrote the song for Boxing Day, another indication that the song didn't change the story. It's a good Boxing Day story, isn't it?
And yes, Wenceslas was not a king, but a duke. But he was given the honorarium "King" because of his devotion in spite of his high status.
It is a Protestant song, I'll give you that. Neale was a big deal in the Anglican church, a big enough deal that his attitudes were suppressed by his bishop for 14 years.
The truly interesting thing in all of this is the story of Neale. He founded the Society of St. Margaret, which was a group of women dedicated to nursing the sick. What does that sound like to you? He founded an order of Sisters. So right away that was suspect by the separated brethren, separated at this point in time by only 300 years. They had just lost John Newman to the Catholics and they did not like anything that smacked on Catholicism. St. Margaret, indeed. The powers that be thought that perhaps Rev. Neale was a Vatican plant, sent to subvert their church (that was based on subversion from the Catholic Church).
What goes around comes around, eh?
We don't believe that. We believe that the Truth has a way of setting itself free.
Rev. Neale was mauled at the funeral of one of his Sisters and he was threatened on other occasions with stoning and people who wanted to burn down his house. In the end, he and his Sisters survived and thrived, living on to do good deeds.